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Horse Teeth Bite, Cattle Teeth Do Not

4 Jun

cattle's teeth

Cattle’s incisors only on the bottom jaw.

Next time some jerk tells you wild horses uproot the plant they are eating while cattle do not, keep in mind that horses have both upper and lower incisors and cattle do  not!

Definition of incisors:
noun, Dentistry
1. any of the four anterior teeth in each jaw, used for cutting and gnawing.


“Cows are unique in that they have fewer teeth than other animals. In the front of the mouth, teeth (known as incisors) are only located on the bottom jaw. In place of the top incisors, there is a hard leathery pad (known as the “dental pad”). In addition, cattle have a relatively immobile upper lip (compared to goats and sheep). Because of this unique oral anatomy, a cow uses its tongue to grasp a clump of grass and then bite it off. Teeth in the back of the mouth (known as molars) are located on the top and bottom jaws. Plant materials sometimes contain tough stems, but because a cow chews food in a side-to-side motion, the molars shred the grass into small pieces that are more easily digested. “

excerpt from:


“A fully developed horse of around five years of age will have between 36 and 44 teeth. All equines are heterodontous, which means that they have different shaped teeth for different purposes. All horses have twelve incisors at the front of the mouth, used primarily for cutting food, most often grass, whilst grazing.

see: Patricia Pence (2002), Equine Dentistry: A Practical Guide, Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, ISBN 0-683-30403-8



World’s Toughest Horse Race Retraces Genghis Khan’s Postal Route

2 Oct

by  Ashleigh N. DeLuca, National Geographic, PUBLISHED AUGUST 6, 2014


Before most of the world woke up this morning, 47 riders from around the globe had saddled half-wild horses and set out on what the Guinness Book of World Records has called the longest equestrian race on Earth.

The goal—beyond not getting seriously injured—is to ride a 621-mile circuit (1,000 kilometers) ofMongolian steppe in less than ten days.

Fewer than half of the riders are expected to make it across the finish line. The rest will either quit or be carried off the course by the medical team. Broken bones and torn ligaments are common, frustration and bruised egos the norm. Every rider will fall off multiple times during the course of the race, says Katy Willings, the race chief and a former Mongol Derby competitor.

The race route is modeled on the horse relay postal system created under Genghis Khan in 1224, which was instrumental in the expansion of the Mongolian Empire. Guided by a local escort, specially appointed postal riders would gallop more than 100 miles (160 kilometers) to a morin urtuu, or horse relay station, where another escort would be waiting with a fresh horse.

At the postal route’s zenith, a letter could cross from Kharkhorin in the east to the Caspian Sea on the far western edge of the empire, a distance of some 4,225 miles (6,800 kilometers), in two weeks (an average of about 300 miles, or 480 kilometers, a day). Postal riders continued to deliver the mail until 1949, when the Soviet Union—which then controlled Mongolia—shut down the system in an attempt to erase the history of Genghis Khan from the country.

“The horse stations were not permanent but rather a responsibility that rotated so that each family provided the compulsory service for a month each year or two,” explains Dandar Gongor, 86, a former escort. From the age of 12 to 15, he carried the riders’ mailbags while navigating them to the next horse station.

“You would meet all sorts of people,” he says, referring to the postal riders. “Some were kind and would tell you folk stories while you rode. Others were arrogant and mean. We would let the next urtuu supervisor know what kind of people they were, and this would help him decide if [the postal rider] would be given a well-behaved or difficult horse.”

Continue reading and see the photographs here:  World’s Toughest Horse Race Retraces Genghis Khan’s Postal Route.


To see who won go HERE

Utah ATV protest peaceful

10 May

San Juan County Commissioner Phil Lyman briefs ATV riders Saturday morning at Centennial Park in Blanding, Utah, on a plan for a protest ride into Recapture Canyon east of town. photo by John Peel/Durango Herald

The ‘peaceful demonstration in Iron County today was advertised for the last two weeks or more. The BLM knew about the plan of the locals to ride their ATV’s through Recapture Valley which has an 11 mile stretch of land full of archaeological artifacts of the Pueblo who were the first to live on that land; this land has been closed off to ATVs and motorized vehicles since September 2007. 

“Also, a statement issued after the ride from BLM Utah Director Juan Palma said the BLM had documented those who rode Saturday into the area closed to motorized use.

“The BLM was in Recapture Canyon today collecting evidence and will continue to investigate,” Palma’s statement said. “The BLM will pursue all available redress through the legal system to hold the lawbreakers accountable.”

I’m surprised to learn that the BLM stood by and watched as these motorized vehicles drove through this delicate area! BLM has itchy fingers when it comes to wild horse advocates taking photos at roundups and has even arrested some advocates for doing so! Taking photographs are harmless, but destroying or disturbing ancient artifacts is a totally different situation.

“Part of Palma’s BLM statement:

“Regrettably, after a peaceful rally in Blanding, Utah, a number of individuals broke the law by driving ATVs through Recapture Canyon where ancient artifacts and dwellings may have been damaged by the riders.

“As always, our first and most important priority is the safety of the public and our employees, and our actions today reflect that. The BLM’s law enforcement presence today focused on recording and documenting individuals who chose to violate the law by traveling into the closure area on ATVs.”


If BLM was that concerned about the value of the artifacts in Recapture Canyon, why didn’t they stop the ATV ride through it before the ride began? Are they busy arresting wild horse advocates who are merely taking photographs?

Recapture Reservoir, Blanding,  Utah

Recapture Reservoir, Blanding, Utah (Photo credit: MortAuPat)

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CHDC Completes 4th ATI Request from LPN Slaughterhouse – Late Stage Pregnant Mares Shipped Again

24 Mar

When it comes to horse slaughter – all the rules and regulations are ignored by the kill buyers and the slaughter plants and nothing is done by the regulators of those plants! We must get the Safeguard for American Food Export Act of 2013 passed — it will close the borders to horse slaughter. Closing the borders could close some of those, if not all, of the Canadian plants down since a majority of the horses come from the USA.

Canadian Horse Defence Coalition's Blog

Mare in late stage pregnancy (does not depict either mare described in the ATI documents) Mare in late stage pregnancy (does not depict any of the mares described in the ATI documents)

Once again we read that late-term mares were shipped and no one flagged them in an obvious state of pregnancy.  One would assume that the CFIA inspectors and the veterinarian on staff at LPN would be sufficiently familiar with horse physiology to recognize a late term pregnant mare and, at the minimum, flag these mares for greater scrutiny before slaughter.

Also in this ATI, an additional mare arrives at LPN and is dehydrated over 12% – a case where imminent death would be expected if action not taken immediately.  The mare received no water during her transport and while in the pens at LPN,  her proximity to a dominant horse had prevented her from drinking.

A pregnant mare in the last 10% of gestation is considered to be a fragile animal and unfit…

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Grazing Improvement Act Will Fleece Taxpayers While Harming Environment – Forbes

4 Dec

Description unavailable

Description unavailable (Photo credit: Forest Service Southwestern Region)

The GRAZING IMPROVEMENT ACT:  To amend the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 to improve the management of grazing leases and permits, and for other purposes.

“When an interest group–let’s say the National Cattlemen’s Beef Association–supports a bill because it will “reduce the paperwork backlog,” you can pretty much guarantee that another group–let’s say American taxpayers–are poised to be fleeced.

The legislation under review is the Grazing Improvement Act of 2013. Sponsored by Senator John Barrasso (R-WY), the bill recently left the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee and is headed to the Senate floor for a vote. Its primary intention is to amend the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of 1976 in order to extend the renewal term for public land grazing permits and leases from ten to twenty years.”  

James McWilliams

READ THE WHOLE ARTICLE-> Grazing Improvement Act Will Fleece Taxpayers While Harming Environment – Forbes.  



There are two bills in congress (actually the same bill): one in The Senate and one in The House. You must comment on both bills because if you only comment on S258, only your Senators will get your comments and if you only comment on HR657, only your U.S. Representative will receive your comments.

THE SENATE (is out of committee and headed to the Senate Floor for a vote)

S. 258 Grazing Improvement Act Senator Barrasso (R)

12% Support | 88% Oppose

ORGS ENDORSING: National Cattlemen’s Beef Association

ORGS OPPOSING: Buffalo Field Campaign (BFC), The Wolf Army, Wolf Conservation Center

Sign into your account and make your comments in opposition to S258:


H.R. 657 The Grazing Improvement Act Representative Labrador (R)

18% Support | 82% Oppose

ORGS ENDORSING: National Cattlemen’s Beef Association

ORGS OPPOSING: Wolf Conservation Center

Sign into your account and make your comments in opposition to HR657:



POPVOX bridges the gap between the input the public wants to provide and the information Members of Congress want and need to receive.

Constituent communications are flooding and overwhelming Congressional offices. POPVOX verifies, aggregates, and simplifies communication with Congress on an open and trusted (and nonpartisan) common ground. Advocacy organizations, trade associations, unions and other groups send their members to POPVOX to take action on bills pending before Congress. Congressional staff and lawmakers log into POPVOX to measure the pulse of their district. POPVOX provides a curating interface for anyone — including Congressional staff, the public and the media — to access and understand the voice of the people.

Aprela® — the making of a new pregnant mare’s urine drug

1 Oct

Considering the governement shutdown that started today (October 1, 2013) does anyone know if the USDA is still functioning enough to approve or reject drugs scheduled for a decision this week? The previous government shutdown lasted for several weeks. The only part of the USDA that I know of that is still functioning during the shutdown is for meat inspection.

Tuesday's Horse

Part 1 of a Special Report by Jane Allin

Pfizer and Ligand logos united with pee and blood drops.

October 3, 2013 looms as the harbinger of foreboding news for PMU mares and their foals.

This is the day that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) will make a decision whether or not to approve Ligand Pharmaceutical’s dual-acting drug Aprela® for the treatment of menopausal symptoms and prevention of postmenopausal osteoporosis in women who have not undergone a hysterectomy. The drug was developed by Ligand in partnership with Pfizer.

Aprela® is a combination of Premarin® and bazedoxifene, a selective estrogen receptor modulator or SERM also known as Viviant®. Of particular note is that Viviant® has failed to receive approval from the FDA as a result of increased risks of stroke and thromboembolic events although it has been approved for use in other countries (i.e. EU and Japan) under different trade names. What’s more, Pfizer/Wyeth’s struggle to gain approval of…

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Digital Activism Tactics: TweetStorms

21 Sep

Helpful blog about TweetStorms has links to translations of this blog to 12 other languages.

Global Freedom Movement

In the past month the community of activists on FaceBook and Twitter have been experimenting with a new form of protest, the “TweetStorm”.

What is a TweetStorm?

It’s a coordinated action by many users to send the same tweet out at the same time, generating a “storm” of tweets

How does it work?

Anyone can call for a TweetStorm, you just need to decide:

  1. What will be in the tweet[s] (the text and what hashtags, any special user to target, eg @whitehouse)
  2. What time it has to be sent (essential to choose a time you know lots of supporters are usually online)

What next?

You have to tell people about the TweetStorm, and ask them to get involved by supporting it (sending out a tweet or setting up a scheduled tweet – see below) and by spreading the idea to their followers!

Then, you all either keep the TweetStorm text somewhere…

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Shelly asks feds for help with feral horses

19 Sep

President, Ben Shelly, at the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board meeting Sept 11, 2013.

President, Ben Shelly, at the Wild Horse and Burro Advisory Board meeting Sept 11, 2013.

Navajo Times By Alastair Lee Bitsoi

SHIPROCK, Sept. 19, 2013

President Ben Shelly has apparently changed his heart and mind about the way at least 1,000 feral horses on the reservation have been rounded up recently by the Navajo Department of Agriculture and Navajo Department of Resource Enforcement.

Now, the president advocates for more humane treatment of the estimated 75,000 feral horses that are running freely on the 27,000-square-mile reservation, according to a press release from the Navajo Nation Washington Office.

The news was welcomed by the grassroots people known collectively as the Nohooka Dine, or Holy Earth Surface People, and Shiprock Chapter President Duane “Chili” Yazzie, who have decried the roundup methods as overly harsh and not in line with Diné philosophy.

Last week on a lobbying trip to Washington D.C., Shelly informed the Bureau of Land Management‘s National Wild Horse and Burro Advisory of the growing feral horse problem on the Navajo Nation.

“The potential damage and cost of addressing this problem, coupled with the suffering these animals experience has brought the Navajo Nation to ask you to find a solution to feral horses,” Shelly said.

He added that the Navajo Nation is spending more than $200,000 per year to address the damage these horses cause.

The tribal agriculture department has stated a single feral horse consumes 18 pounds of forage per day, or 6,570 pounds per year. Removing 159 horses from the Navajo Nation would save 290,175 gallons of water per year and 1.1 million pounds of forage, according to the Navajo Department of Agriculture.

What’s more, Shelly also said these horses have contributed to death and property destruction due to highway accidents, as well as competition for natural resources used by domestic livestock and people. The horses themselves are suffering starvation, dehydration and predation.

Citing the Navajo Department of Agriculture, Shelly has previously stated that the land of the reservation is suitable for about 30,000 horses, not the 75,000 currently eating up the forage of the range.

“These horses are not the iconic wild horses that many think symbolize the West,” Shelly added. “These feral horses are once-domesticated animals that have been set free by owners who can no longer afford their upkeep.”

Jared King, spokesman for the Navajo Nation Washington Office, said Shelly met with the advisory board on how the board makes recommendations to the BLM as it carries out its responsibilities under the 1971 Wild Free-Roaming Horses and Burros Act.

– See more at:

25 Apr

We Don't Eat Our Horses and Horse Slaughter is NOT Humane Euthanasia.

Occupy for Animals

More than 170 Kaimanawa horses face the slaughter house if homes cannot be found for them until end of May!

Published 19 Apr 2012

More than 170 Kaimanawa horses face the slaughter house if homes cannot be found for them in the next month.

The slaughter is part of the Department of Conservation’s (DOC) bi-annual culling of the breed, aimed at keeping the population below 300 to protect the fragile environment they inhabit.

Kaimanawa Heritage Horses spokesman Elder Jenks says put in good homes, many of the horses flourish.

“Once handled, Kaimanawa wild horses have exceptionally temperaments and are delightful ponies to interact with,” he says. “They’re flourishing in pony clubs around New Zealand as great all-rounders and are highly sought after as jumpers, eventers and games ponies.”

Mr Jenks says Kaimanawa horses were once seen as feral but the reputation of the breed is quickly improving.

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