Cattle’s incisors only on the bottom jaw.
Next time some jerk tells you wild horses uproot the plant they are eating while cattle do not, keep in mind that horses have both upper and lower incisors and cattle do not!
Definition of incisors:
1. any of the four anterior teeth in each jaw, used for cutting and gnawing.
“Cows are unique in that they have fewer teeth than other animals. In the front of the mouth, teeth (known as incisors) are only located on the bottom jaw. In place of the top incisors, there is a hard leathery pad (known as the “dental pad”). In addition, cattle have a relatively immobile upper lip (compared to goats and sheep). Because of this unique oral anatomy, a cow uses its tongue to grasp a clump of grass and then bite it off. Teeth in the back of the mouth (known as molars) are located on the top and bottom jaws. Plant materials sometimes contain tough stems, but because a cow chews food in a side-to-side motion, the molars shred the grass into small pieces that are more easily digested. “
“A fully developed horse of around five years of age will have between 36 and 44 teeth. All equines are heterodontous, which means that they have different shaped teeth for different purposes. All horses have twelve incisors at the front of the mouth, used primarily for cutting food, most often grass, whilst grazing.“
see: Patricia Pence (2002), Equine Dentistry: A Practical Guide, Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, ISBN 0-683-30403-8
How Much Of Your Heritage, Nobility, And Honor Are You Willing To Give Up, America?.
I’m not willing to give this up Captain William E. Simpson! I’ve heard and read most of the lies that are told about the wild horses and burros by the BLM…how do they get away with that year after year? Why is it no one in Congress investigating this program?
Veterans day is coming up and as such, I wanted people to know about this great free service for all those veterans who have come home from war zones that there is healing help available for them via horses. Horses used to be the center of people’s lives in America (and many other places around the world). They helped build America by helping people settle America, grow their businesses, as transportation in their daily lives, fought in our wars and used as entertainment. Could it be that most people these days have lost their way because there is no horse in their lives?
Saratoga WarHorse is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization assisting veterans who are suffering from invisible, psychological wounds by providing a confidential, peer-to-peer, action based, equine-assisted experience that initiates immediate and long-lasting empowering changes. Continue reading
Spin, lies and BLM’s advisor Boyd Spratling D.V.M. | Protect Mustangs™.
Boyd Sprattling, DVM, BLM Wild horse and Burro advisory board member
Besides some of the comments made by ranchers, and Boyd Spratling DVM, BLM Wild Horse and Burro Advisory board member, I could not believe my eyes when I got to the end of the video and saw that Protect the Harvest and UNITED HORSEMEN made and produced this video! Continue reading